April: Canada and India formally sign Canada-India Reactor (CIR) Agreement with Canada agreeing to provide a nuclear reactor that is to be employed exclusively for “peaceful uses”.
November: Melbourne is the first city in the southern hemisphere to host the Olympic Games. The timing of the Australian summer, means the Games are held in November and early December, the latest in the calendar year in Olympic history.
December 10: As a result of the Hungarian Revolution, the first ship carrying Hungarian immigrants landed in Quebec. More than 30,000 refugees would be admitted to Canada by the end of 1957.
January 1: All cigarette packets in the United States must carry the health warning “Caution! Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health”.
January 12: “Batman”, starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Cesar Romero as The Joker, debuts on ABC.
August 13: China under Chairman Mao launches China’s Cultural Revolution and begins purging intellectuals.
November 8: Gordon Ramsay, the internationally renowned, multi-Michelin chef is born on this day.
December 18: Dr. Seuss’ “How the Grinch Stole Christmas” is shown for first time on CBS.
February 16: Fidel Castro becomes the President of Cuba after serving as Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba from 1959 to 1976.
February 24: The “Father of Medicare”, Tommy Douglas dies at 81of cancer. Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961, his government introduces the continent’s first single-payer, universal health care.
June 23: The CN tower is completed and is the tallest free standing structure in the world.
April 1: Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak form Apple Computer Company. By 1983, Apple has a stock value of $985 million.
May 16: Montreal Canadiens sweep Philadelphia Flyers in four games to begin a winning streak of four Stanley Cup championships.
June 14: The “Gong Show” premieres on TV (syndication). The amateur talent show featured host Chuck Barris and Gene Gene the Dancing Machine.
April 26: A major nuclear accident at Soviet Union›s Chernobyl power station alarms world, killing 31 and causing long term effects still being investigated.
June 12: Ontario doctors go on strike to protest the ban on “extra billing” undertaken by the provincial government of David Peterson.
June: Canada’s first and only participation in the World Cup finals in Mexico.
Biggest Hits: Topping the music charts in Canada is Jennifer Rush’s “The Power of Love”; Glass Tiger’s “Don’t Forget Me”; Kim Mitchell’s “Patio Lanterns”; Gordon Lightfoot’s “Anything for Love”.